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Don't do it alone: Couples are more successful at slimming

2015-03-10 15:46 语泉外语     字号 [] [] []  
Don't do it alone: Couples are more successful at slimming['slimiŋ]
 
Couples who decide to get healthy together are more likely to be successful, suggests a new study. Researchers found people are more successful in taking up healthy habits if their partner makes positive ['pɒzɪtɪv]  changes too. Scientists at University College London (UCL) looked at how likely people were to quit smoking or lose weight in relation to what their partner did.The findings, published in the journal ['dʒɜːn(ə)l] Internal Medicine, show that people were more successful in swapping ['swæpiŋ] bad habits for good ones if their partner made a change as well. Among women who smoked, 50 percent managed to quit if their partner gave up smoking too at the same time, compared with 17 percent of women whose partners were already non-smokers, and eight per cent of those whose partners were regular smokers.The study found that men were equally affected by their partners and were more likely to quit smoking or lose weight if their partner made the same behaviour change. The research looked at 3,722 couples, either married or living together and over the age of 50. Study co-author ['ɔːθə] Professor Jane Wardle, director of Cancer Research UK's Health Behaviour Research Centre at UCL, said: 'Unhealthy lifestyles are a leading cause of death from chronic ['krɒnɪk]  disease worldwide. 'The key lifestyle risks are smoking, excess [ɪk'ses; ek-; 'ekses]  weight, physical ['fɪzɪk(ə)l]  inactivity [,ɪnæk'tɪvɪtɪ] , poor diet, and alcohol ['ælkəhɒl]  consumption [kən'sʌm(p)ʃ(ə)n] . 'Swapping bad habits for good ones can reduce the risk of disease, including cancer.' Dr Sarah Jackson, lead author['ɔːθə]  of the study at UCL, said: 'Now is the time to make New Year's resolutions to quit smoking, take exercise, or lose weight. 'And doing it with your partner increases your chances of success.' 
 
生词:
swap [swɔp, swɔ:p] n. 交换;交换之物vt. 与...交换;以...作交换vi. 交换;交易
quit [kwit] vt. 离开;放弃;停止;使…解除vi. 离开;辞职;停止n. 离开;[计] 退出adj. 摆脱了…的;已经了结的
non-smoker [nɔn'sməukə] n. 不吸烟的人
chronic ['krɔnik] adj. 慢性的;长期的;习惯性的
inactivity [,inæk'tiviti] n. 静止;不活泼;休止状态;不放射性
 
译文:别再孤军奋战了,男女搭配减肥不累!一项新研究显示,决心共同为健康而努力的夫妻,成功的可能性更大。研究者发现,如果配偶也能积极改变,人们能更成功地形成健康的习惯。英国伦敦大学学院(ULC)的科学家们观察了人们在戒烟和减肥等问题上的表现,并研究了这些表现与配偶行为之间的关联。 该研究结果发表在《内科杂志》上。研究显示,如果配偶也能有所改变,人们就更容易戒掉坏习惯,培养好习惯。女性吸烟者中,50%的女性能成功与配偶同时戒烟,17%的女性能在配偶不吸烟的情况下戒烟,而只有8%的女性能在配偶吸烟的情况下成功戒烟。研究还发现,男性也同样会受到配偶影响。如果配偶也在努力作出改变,他们就也很有可能成功戒烟或是减肥。共有3722对夫妻参与了此次研究,包括已婚和同居的配偶,也有50岁以上的人。研究的合作者、伦敦大学学院英国癌症研究院健康行为研究中心主任简·沃尔德教授表示:“在全世界范围内,不健康的生活方式都是导致患慢性疾病致死的一个主要原因。”“生活中主要的威胁就是吸烟、超重、缺乏运动、不良饮食以及酗酒。” “改掉坏习惯,养成好习惯能降低疾病的威胁,包括癌症。”萨拉·杰克森博士是伦敦大学学院这项研究的首席作者,他说:“是时候制定新年目标了,不管是戒烟、参加锻炼,或是减肥。” 
“别忘了拉上你的配偶,增加你成功的机会!”
 

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